Information on fungal sinusitis infection
Fungal infections of the sinuses are divided into four types. The distribution depends on the causative agent of the infection and the severity of the disease.
Here is some useful information about this type of infection:
Mycetoma Fungal Sinusitis - This type of fungal infection is also known as spherical fungal sinusitis. The infection is caused by the formation of fungal spores in the paranasal sinus, especially in the sphenoid or maxillary sinuses. The family of bread forms known as Aspergillus is the cause. Patients with mycetoma sinusitis often experience nasal congestion on one side of the nose and stiffness of the nose.
Allergic Fungal Sinusitis - It is considered the most common type of sinusitis due to a fungal infection. Most often, this condition occurs in people who can develop an immune response when exposed to fungal elements in their environment. This fungal infection of the sinus infection is due to a fungus from the Dematiaceae family, in particular to the species Bipolaris, Alternaria and Curvularia, which are widespread in the environment. Such a condition has symptoms such as nasal congestion and nasal polyps. These polyps can block the nostrils and lead to chronic inflammation of the sinuses.
Fulminant fungal sinusitis - This condition often occurs in people with a weak immune system, but can also be caused by immunosuppressive agents. As the infection spreads, it destroys the sinus bones that contain the eyeballs and brain. This is considered fatal to all sinus infections.
Chronic indolent sinusitis - This type of sinus infection is a rare case and often affects immunodeficient people. The progression of such a condition is slow, but includes symptoms such as facial swelling and chronic headache.
Fungal symptoms of sinusitis
Fungal infections of the sinuses often include symptoms that are almost similar to bacterial infection of the sinuses. Most symptoms are cough, nasal congestion, bad breath, headache, tenderness on the face, runny nose, sore throat, eye pain and fever. A dark colored discharge is a stand-alone symptom of sinus infection due to a fungus, but in some cases, people suffer from toothache, ear pressure, muscle aches, body aches, and muscle weakness.
Treatments for infections with fungal sinusitis depend on the cause of the disease. Most treatments focus on symptom relief, but there are antifungals that can actually cure the infection. Note that these drugs are not as effective for extreme sinus infections. In the event of a fungal infection, deposits, or sinuses due to the nasal polyps, your doctor may need surgery. To relieve inflammation and prevent the disease from coming back, corticosteroids can be prescribed. Swelling and antihistamines are effective in the treatment of sinusitis due to an allergy.
Different types of fungal diseases against sinusitis
Fungi belong to the large group of eukaryotic organisms that can be found almost everywhere on earth, including the human body. Fungi include microorganisms such as yeast, fungi and mold. There are almost 50,000 types of mushrooms and a dozen of them are known to cause diseases like fungal sinusitis. These fungi coexist in our body with other microorganisms in a natural balance. However, fungi can sometimes cause minor or even fatal infections. When certain fungi cause inflammation of the sinuses, the disease is known as a fungal infection of the sinus infection. Fungal sinusitis infection should include a weakened immune system and an allergic reaction to the fungus.
Fungal sinusitis is divided into 4 categories, including:
Mushroom Ball - This is due to the multiplication of mushroom elements in the maxillary sinus or cheek. The fungi responsible for such a condition belong to the Aspergillus family, known as the ordinary bread pan. People with this type of infection usually have a history of recurrent sinusitis. Affected people can experience fungal blockage in their sinuses, but no bone destruction is involved. The fungal infection can be treated by removing the fungal bale from the sinuses to eliminate sinus infections.
Fungal infection with allergic sinusitis - This condition is caused by fungi that belong to the Demataceae family that are widely distributed in the environment. Nasal polyps and a thick drainage are present. During the treatment, fungal components are removed from the paranasal sinus in order to restore the paranasal sinus drainage. Compared to the mushroom ball, the recurrence of this sinusitis fungal infection is higher due to the allergic components that are involved in such a condition. Patients with this type of sinusitis can also experience sinus blockage, occasional bone destruction and thinning, which requires intermittent surgical management and lifelong medical care.
Chronic and acute fungal infection of the sinus infection - these types of infections are the least widespread but most harmful type of sinus infection. In acute sinusitis, the fungus grows deep in the tissues and bones of the sinuses. The chronic type may be similar to the acute type, but the spread of the infection is much slower. People who are susceptible to these infections are people with a weak immune system, especially people with uncontrolled diabetes and people who have undergone chemotherapy. Those who have a fungal infection from chronic sinusitis are people with normal immune systems. This infection is often caused by mold spores and dead tissue is visible on examination. This condition also develops sinus blockage, bone destruction and swelling of the affected areas. Chronic sinusitis is often fatal and requires both antifungals and surgery.