Prostate adenoma (benign prostatic hyperplasia, BPH) is one of the most common urological disorders in adult men.
According to recent statistics, almost half of the 40-year-old men suffer from a form of prostate change that is related to the increase (hyperplasia). It is believed to be found in every man after 80 years of prostate adenoma.
The occurrence of prostate adenoma in connection with hormonal disorders in the human body, which occur in almost all men over the age of 40 to 45 years (so-called male menopause or andropause). So far, however, many basic mechanisms of the prostate adenoma are unclear, which in turn does not allow scientists to develop effective prevention against this disease.
The prostate plays an important role in men. It was his secret that is responsible for the motility of the sperm in the sperm and their composition. Prostate - a body that resembles the fruit of the chestnut. It is located directly at the level of the bladder neck and covers the urethra with its thickness.
The prostate is an organ that consists of two types of tissue: glandular muscle and smooth muscle. This glandular tissue is the main ingredient. The prostate adenoma is the expansion of the muscle tissue of the prostate, which causes compression of the urethra that passes through it. This manifests itself in the early stages of the urination difficulties, the patient has to exert himself, the urine flow is rather weak at the same time. Over time, the urethra can come to a complete stop, which leads to urinary retention.
The adenoma of the prostate is fraught with complications, among which we can find in particular:
* Kidney hydronephrosis caused by violation of urinary flow from the bladder. * Infection process in the kidney - pyelonephritis due to vesicoureteral reflux.
Unfortunately, despite the advent of new methods of diagnosing and treating prostate adenomas, the disease is still often diagnosed at a later date, which leads to the development of complications that are typical of prostate adenomas. Prostate. The main reason for this is that most men generally don't attach any importance to this disease. They consider the symptoms of prostate adenoma as an age-related normal condition and require no treatment.
At the same time, prompt diagnosis and treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia can prevent serious complications and significantly improve the quality of life for men.
It should be noted immediately that the term "prostate adenoma" does not correctly reflect the main changes that occur in the gland. Adenoma - a benign tumor of the glandular tissue. BPH is a disease that does not affect glandular tissues and muscles. Therefore, the evidence that prostate adenoma turns into prostate cancer is not.
Nowadays, the diagnosis of prostate adenoma has been fairly easy with the introduction of such a method as ultrasound. Even normal prostate ultrasound, not to mention its altered forms, such as transrectal ultrasound, can confirm enlargement of the prostate.
Before the advent of ultrasound, digital rectal examination was the primary method of diagnosing prostate diseases. It remains an essential diagnostic method at the moment, especially in cases where other methods simply don't.
Blood also plays a role in the diagnosis of prostate adenoma, and this test method serves as a blood sample for PSA (prostate-specific antigen). This analysis enables us to distinguish prostate cancer from its benign hyperplasia.
Treatment of prostate adenoma consists of two methods:
* Conservative operations *.
Unfortunately, conservative treatment consisting of medicines, many of which are of plant origin, cannot be cured of adenomas. Strong drugs that are capable - it's a little bit to reduce prostate swelling and stop (or slow down) growth. The reverse "absorption" adenoma with tablets can still be performed.
Among the surgical methods of treating adenomas can be divided into two main groups: an open transvezikalnaya adenomectomy and various endoscopic operations - TUR (transurethral resection) and others (balloon dilatation, stents, hyperthermia, etc.).
Prostate adenoma is a clinical term for an enlarged prostate. Usually found in older men, prostate adenoma enlarges the prostate, presses on the urethra and causes urinary problems and sometimes sexual dysfunction.
There are three stages of prostate adenoma. In the first state, the frequency of urination increases. Men may need to get up in the middle of the night to urinate. In addition, urine flow may be slower, thinner, or weaker than normal.
In the second stage, urination becomes more difficult. The urine can flow slowly or stop and start instead of exiting in a regular, constant stream. Tensions may arise and the bladder may not empty completely, so you use the toilet more often. You may need to urinate again a few minutes after using the toilet.
In the third stage, the prostate can become so large that urination becomes extremely difficult. The bladder can never be completely emptied. In rare cases, urination can be completely blocked. This condition is fatal if it is not treated.
Prostate problems in men are relatively common. Most men are enlarged at the age of 70 or 80.
However, there is not always a stage when the treatment is critical. If you experience symptoms of second or third stage prostate adenoma, your doctor will likely want to explore the treatment options with you.
These treatment options can include lifestyle changes such as reduced alcohol consumption and weight loss, various medications, herbal remedies, or even surgery in advanced cases.
There is evidence that the prostate adenoma may be a warning sign or a precursor to prostate cancer. Your doctor may want to keep an eye on the situation. This can mean frequent exams to make sure your prostate is not growing and going into a cancerous state.